A fire door is a vital safety device engineered to save lives and property. Fire doors are part of a building’s PASSIVE fire protection system, an essential requirement for ALL public buildings, offices and factories.
They are also a requirement in certain domestic situations, such as in flats, where a door leads into an integral garage, in any dwelling where there is a second floor ‘habitable’ room, such as houses with loft conversions or a ‘room in the roof’.
All rooms in any of these situations are separated from other rooms, or compartmented, in order to:
• keep any fire in the compartment in which it starts
• protect the occupants (and contents) of other compartments
• provide a safe, protected route to allow the occupants to escape.
The walls, ceilings, entrances and exits are therefore designed to resist the fire for a specified period of time.
The simple purpose of a fire door in every day use is just as any other door. However, since a breakout of fire is never predictable, the fire door, unlike any other door, must then perform its prime purpose – to protect lives and offer protection to the remainder of the building and to other buildings.
CERTIFICATION OF FIRE DOORS
BWF manages on behalf of its members the BWF CERTIFIRE Fire Door certification scheme, it is our core belief that
“Third party certification is the only way to ensure that Fire Doors are manufactured consistently to protect lives and save property. Cutting corners can cost lives.”
Members of the BWF-CERTIFIRE Fire Door & Doorset Scheme have committed themselves to a rigorous certification programme requiring a considerable investment in time and money. This commitment to quality will ensure this lifesaving product achieves its aim of protecting lives and property.
Certification is the cornerstone of the BWF-CERTIFIRE Fire Door & Doorset Scheme and should be the minimum requirement demanded for every passive fire protection product. Third party certification tests and verifies a fire door’s design, performance, manufacturing process and quality assurance from manufacture to installation.
Testing a fire door, at a UKAS approved test facility, to BS476 part 22 or EN 1634-1, is the only sure way to prove that it is going to fulfill its rating. A rating is given to the door assembly based on the time it has held back the fire without being breached.
The Scheme requires each fire door design to be tested, as a complete assembly, every 5 years, or 250,000 doors produced, to ensure standards are maintained.
All members involved in the manufacture and conversion of fire doors or their associated components are audited annually by Warrington Certifire Ltd.
The audit aims to ensure that fire doors or components being made and adjusted use the same materials identified in the original test for that specific design. The auditor will also look to ensure that the BWF-CERTIFIRE Fire Door & Doorset Scheme labels and installation instructions are being attached to every door and that records are kept for each door, to ensure traceability.
Quality Mangement – ISO 9001 : 2008
Certification requires more than just the testing and auditing of the fire doors. The design and manufacturing process is also assessed, and as part of this, the ISO 9001: 2008 Quality Management System is also a requirement of the Scheme, ensuring that standards are maintained for every door manufactured.
ISO 9001 requires that procedures are put in place to ensure products are made in the correct way with all the correct materials every time. The ISO 9001 system is also audited each year by a UKAS accredited auditor to ensure the procedures are being implemented.
All staff involved in the sale of fire doors or components at a BWF Approved Fire Door Centre are required to undertake regular training to ensure they understand the latest Building Regulations and can offer correct advice to their customers; in particular to ensure customers purchase the correct compatible components for the fire door to ensure it maintains its certification and will achieve its rating in the event of a fire.